History and Education in Cuba

Cuba is well known as a place of perseverance. It was colonized after 1942 by Spain after being discovered by Christopher Columbus. In 1898 after the Spanish-American war, Cuba was claimed by the United States. Independence was gained by Cuba, however, in 1902. Between the years of 1953 in 1959, the years of the Cuban revolution, the US backs dictator, Fulgencio Batista was replaced by Fidel Castro. In 1961, Cuba was declared a socialist state by Castro. Castro stayed in power until 2008 when he became sick, then relinquishing the control of the government to his brother. The political body that governs Cuba is known as the Communist Party. This political body is born out of socialism.

The socialist economic model is followed by Cuba. Most of the resources of the state are controlled by the government, and most of the citizens of Cuba are government employees. There has recently, however, been more private employment sectors emerging in Cuba. Recent legislation has allowed the citizens to own cars and homes privately. 22% of the citizens in Cuba are employed by the private sector, which is around 14% more than worked in the private sector in 1981. Industrial products in food production are Cuba’s main industries. Their main products for export are from, tobacco products, citrus, seafood, nickel, and sugar.

According to UNESCO, Cuba has the highest literacy rate in the world, at 99.8%. Cuba boasts 23 medical schools and 47 universities and is highly regarded in the education world. Since the Cuban revolution, there has been nationalized education in Cuba. The United States Central intelligence agency in 2008 estimated education spending and Cuba at 13.6%, and amounts that benefits all citizens of Cuba, despite their income.

The education system in Cuba includes primary and secondary schools. Once a student has finished their basic secondary education, they are able to choose between professional, technical, and pre-university education. They are given the choice of attending centers of higher education or public universities.