An Overview of Cuba

Cuba is located 90 miles from the coast of Key West, Florida. It is the largest island nation in the Caribbean. Its neighbors include Haiti, Jamaica, and the Cayman Islands. Cuba is slightly smaller than the state of Pennsylvania, spanning 44,200 miles. Its geography is varied and includes white sand beaches, quaint colonial villages, urban metropolises, rugged mountains, and rolling farmland.

There are 15 provinces on the island of Cuba, and one special municipality, the Isla de la Juventud. There are many notable areas throughout Cuba. One of these is Pinar del Rio, a rural area that helps build the economic momentum is built through tobacco farming. You can find a lot of Afro-Cuban influence in the country’s second-largest city, Santiago de Cuba. The seaside city is a bit smaller than Havana. You also have the colonial town of Trinidad. Trinidad is located between the sea and the majestic mountains of Cuba, and has been designated as a world heritage site by UNESCO.

Cuba has a population of 11.2 million residents and is richly diverse. There are many native roots in Cuba, but their culture has been mostly influenced by the cultures of North America, Africa, and Europe.

Cuba has been taking many steps to transitioning from importing agricultural goods to more sustainable, low footprint farming. They have become the world leader in sustainable ecological practices. Cuba is also known as one of the first places to ban incandescent lighting sales. All of their bulbs were replaced with florescent energy-saving compact bulbs. This makes Cuba a wonderful destination for the environmentally conscious traveler. Travelers to Cuba can enjoy several biosphere reserves, including mangroves, deciduous forests, and dry tropical areas. The coastline of Cuba spans 3570 miles. The Rio Cauto Cuba’s longest river, flowing for 213 miles. The zunzuncit, the world’s smallest bird, is found on the island of Cuba. This fee hummingbird is an island native.

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