Cuba is well known as a place of perseverance. It was colonized after 1942 by Spain after being discovered by Christopher Columbus. In 1898 after the Spanish-American war, Cuba was claimed by the United States. Independence was gained by Cuba, however, in 1902. Between the years of 1953 in 1959, the years of the Cuban revolution, the US backs dictator, Fulgencio Batista was replaced by Fidel Castro. In 1961, Cuba was declared a socialist state by Castro. Castro stayed in power until 2008 when he became sick, then relinquishing the control of the government to his brother. The political body that governs Cuba is known as the Communist Party. This political body is born out of socialism.
The socialist economic model is followed by Cuba. Most of the resources of the state are controlled by the government, and most of the citizens of Cuba are government employees. There has recently, however, been more private employment sectors emerging in Cuba. Recent legislation has allowed the citizens to own cars and homes privately. 22% of the citizens in Cuba are employed by the private sector, which is around 14% more than worked in the private sector in 1981. Industrial products in food production are Cuba’s main industries. Their main products for export are from, tobacco products, citrus, seafood, nickel, and sugar.
According to UNESCO, Cuba has the highest literacy rate in the world, at 99.8%. Cuba boasts 23 medical schools and 47 universities and is highly regarded in the education world. Since the Cuban revolution, there has been nationalized education in Cuba. The United States Central intelligence agency in 2008 estimated education spending and Cuba at 13.6%, and amounts that benefits all citizens of Cuba, despite their income.
The education system in Cuba includes primary and secondary schools. Once a student has finished their basic secondary education, they are able to choose between professional, technical, and pre-university education. They are given the choice of attending centers of higher education or public universities.
Cuba is located 90 miles from the coast of Key West, Florida. It is the largest island nation in the Caribbean. Its neighbors include Haiti, Jamaica, and the Cayman Islands. Cuba is slightly smaller than the state of Pennsylvania, spanning 44,200 miles. Its geography is varied and includes white sand beaches, quaint colonial villages, urban metropolises, rugged mountains, and rolling farmland.
There are 15 provinces on the island of Cuba, and one special municipality, the Isla de la Juventud. There are many notable areas throughout Cuba. One of these is Pinar del Rio, a rural area that helps build the economic momentum is built through tobacco farming. You can find a lot of Afro-Cuban influence in the country’s second-largest city, Santiago de Cuba. The seaside city is a bit smaller than Havana. You also have the colonial town of Trinidad. Trinidad is located between the sea and the majestic mountains of Cuba, and has been designated as a world heritage site by UNESCO.
Cuba has a population of 11.2 million residents and is richly diverse. There are many native roots in Cuba, but their culture has been mostly influenced by the cultures of North America, Africa, and Europe.
Cuba has been taking many steps to transitioning from importing agricultural goods to more sustainable, low footprint farming. They have become the world leader in sustainable ecological practices. Cuba is also known as one of the first places to ban incandescent lighting sales. All of their bulbs were replaced with florescent energy-saving compact bulbs. This makes Cuba a wonderful destination for the environmentally conscious traveler. Travelers to Cuba can enjoy several biosphere reserves, including mangroves, deciduous forests, and dry tropical areas. The coastline of Cuba spans 3570 miles. The Rio Cauto Cuba’s longest river, flowing for 213 miles. The zunzuncit, the world’s smallest bird, is found on the island of Cuba. This fee hummingbird is an island native.
When planning a vacation to Cuba, the most popular question I get is when is the best time to travel there. Well, the answer is that anytime is a great time to visit Cuba! The reality is that you can never go wrong when you plan a visit to Cuba, regardless of the time of year you want to go.
The climate in Cuba is a semi-subtropical climate that is very pleasant, thanks to the northeasterly trade winds. This means that the weather is warm throughout the year. Cuba’s weather can be divided into only two separate seasons. First, you have the wet season. This season is from May until October. Temperatures are slightly cooler during this season, but it’s a great time to go if you prefer to avoid the crowds. The other season is the dry season. This is between November and April. The dry season is the most popular months for tourists, since the average temperature is between 78 and 85 degrees. This is also when it is winter in many other parts of the world, so people vacation to Cuba to escape the cold weather. There is very little seasonal variation in Cuba, so travelers can visit any time of the year and be comfortable and enjoy their visit.
During the summer, the temperatures are only a little higher. In the warmest month of the year, August, the high reaches into the 90’s. There are fewer crowds during the summer, though, and the travel to Cuba is less expensive during this time.
Many people worry about hurricane season when it comes to booking their travels to Cuba. The hurricane season is June through the early part of November. Hurricanes are more likely to hit August through October, though. Surprisingly, there have only been 32 hurricanes recorded in Cuba since 1960. A lot less than most people expect.
So, when is the best time to book your vacation in Cuba? Well, any time at all.